Since the time of Abraham 5,000 years ago, Jews have inhabited the land of Israel.  During this time, the land was ruled by the Jews and by various conquering empires.  The timeline below highlights major events in the rule, expulsion, and return of the Jews to their homeland.

Israel Named

According to mainstream archeology, this represents the first instance of the name “Israel” in the historical record.

The Merneptah Stele, also known as the Israel Stele or the Victory Stele of Merneptah, is an inscription by Merneptah, a pharaoh in ancient Egypt who reigned from 1213 to 1203 BCE. Discovered by Flinders Petrie at Thebes in 1896, it is now housed at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.[1][2]